Jenny Saville in Ten Works
On 5 October 2018, Jenny Saville made history when her work, Propped, sold at Sotheby’s for £9.5m ($12.4m). However following the furore of Banksy’s self-destructing painting, media outlets around the world glossed over Saville’s monumental achievement quickly.
To bring attention back to Saville, we decided to pull together a selection of ten of her greatest works. Known for her unflinching and honest depictions of the female body, Saville’s works first caught the eye of art collector and gallerist Charles Saatchi. Saatchi bought most of the works Saville produced as an art student, and included her works in the 1997 exhibition, Sensation: Young British Artists from the Saatchi Gallery.
Saville works on large canvases, using them as the background for voluptuous and fleshy bodies. The canvas she used for Plan measures 2.74m x 2.135m. When hung, Saville’s portraits often overwhelm the viewer with their sheer size and visceral clarity.
Plan was painted in 1993, shortly after Saville graduated from the Glasgow School of Art, where she was a student between 1988 to 1992. Saville depicts the woman looking down at the viewer, and almost confronting the viewer with an unfiltered perspective of her crotch. It marked, in many ways, the tone of the works she would continue to produce for quite a while.
In this painting, she marks out the contours of the female body in a manner reminiscent of topographical maps and marks made on a body prior to liposuction. After graduating and painting this work, Saville spent long hours observing the work of a plastic surgeon in New York. The time she spent sitting in on these surgical procedures helped to form her perspectives towards the flesh and body.
Trace is another early work of Saville’s. In this painting, the body fills up the entire canvas, squeezing excess blank areas on either side out. Only the figure's torso is kept in the frame, and Saville cropped the head and legs out of the composition. The resulting portrait is one that is, literally, larger than life. The perspective of this painting is unassuming — with the figure’s back turned to face us, the viewer.
Clothes and undergarments leave their traces on the body, their outlines sinking into the figure’s skin. These impressions on the figure’s body hint towards the pains of being a woman, thereby allowing a subtle yet dulling ache to seep into this depiction.
This painting was recently featured in the National Gallery of Scotland’s exhibition titled Jenny Saville, Sara Barker, Christine Borland, Robin Rhode, Markus Schinwald, Catherine Street.
Many of Saville’s works are depictions of herself, and one such example of this is Reverse. Here the artist is portrayed lying down, with her head tilted to meet the viewer’s gaze. Despite modelling this painting after herself, Saville does not see this image as a self-portrait per se, but as reflective of something deeper within — a “neurosis”.
This is a marked shift from her previous works, where pale blues and purples dominated. Here, the colour palette used gives the impression of congealed and crusted blood. Deep reds and warm brown hues are centred and thickened, in particular, around the figure’s mouth.
This work was first exhibited, alongside a series of newly painted works, in the 2003 exhibition at the Gagosian titled Migrants.
Saville’s works are not confined to portrayals of the cisgender female body. Interested in “a sense of in-betweenness”, Saville is intrigued by transsexuals and hermaphrodites. These figures in these paintings are raw and unapologetic, and run contrary to how art has historically rendered hermaphrodites.
Saville’s works have also graced the cover of music albums. A rendition of this particular work was used by the Welsh rock band, Manic Street Preachers, for their album, Journal for Plague Lovers. The album cover drew criticism as audiences thought the figure’s face was bloodied and injured.
The distortions of the human figure and face have been integral to Saville’s practice, and this work explores similar thematics. This episode raised questions as to how art was consumed or displayed, and if art could only interrogate in the “safe space” of a gallery.
This was not the first time Saville’s work had been used as an album cover design. The same band had previously used another work of hers, Strategy (South Face/Front Face/North Face), on the cover of their album, The Holy Bible.
Drawing upon Leonardo da Vinci’s The Virgin and Child with St. Anne and John the Baptist, Saville created a series titled Reproduction. The series’ title has two meanings, the first being the process of artistically copying one’s work, and the second being childbirth.
Her love for art history was kindled by her uncle, who was an art historian and an artist. Saville often reaches back into Western art history to question the male gaze inherent in so many of these works, and what this means for artists today.
Saville often works from photographs, and requested that a friend photograph the process of her giving birth. She referred to these images whilst creating this series.
This drawing shows Saville and two babies — one in her arms and the other in her womb — and are contemporary interpretations of the archetypal mother and child.
Motherhood changed the way in which Saville viewed her art, her practice, and the time she spent making art. Whilst watching her children “going crazy on the kitchen floor with paint”, she embarked on a long period of experimentation by “going outside the lines and multiplying the lines”.
Aleppo was first exhibited at the National Gallery of Scotland as part of the exhibition titled Jenny Saville, Sara Barker, Christine Borland, Robin Rhode, Markus Schinwald, Catherine Street.
Saville owns an extensive collection of war photography, and observed that despite their varying contexts, many of these photographs show soldiers cradling injured children in their arms. She referenced those images when painting Aleppo, which is a searing portrayal of the realities of war, and drew parallels to the art historical archetype of the pieta.
The title of Saville’s 2018 work, Vis and Ramin, draws from the 11th century Persian poem of the same title. In the medieval Persian telling of the story, Vis and Ramin are star-crossed lovers .
Here, Saville experimented with plastic wraps and abstracted forms, creating a work that fused both classical bodily forms and abstracted painterly styles.
In a recent solo exhibition titled Ancestors at the Gagosian, Saville revisits tropes, themes and myths that have come to be synonymous with Western art history. In particular, the work Red Fates references the Fates (Moirai). The Fates are figures within Greek mythology that controlled the destinies of all living mortals.
In this painting, three women sit alongside each other, each in a different position of repose. These works continue to showcase Saville’s interest in portraying the female form, but push the boundaries by including bold slashes of blood red paint. These violent eruptions interrupt the otherwise intimate and quiet depiction, alluding to the powerful and terrifying control the Fates have, as myth goes, over the lives of humans.
1. Adams, Henry Brooks, Richard Shone, Lisa Jardine & Martin Maloney. Sensation: Young British Artists from the Saatchi Collection. London: Thames & Hudson, 1997.
2. Calvocoressi, Richard and Mark Stevens. Jenny Saville. New York: Rizzoli, 2018.
3. Chadwick, Whitney. Women, Art, and Society. London: Thames and Hudson, 2012.
4. Elderfield, John. Jenny Saville: Oxyrhynchus New York: Gagosian Gallery, 2015.
5. Marlow, Tim. "A Conversation with Rubens: Tim Marlow Interviews Jenny Saville RA", Royal Academy of Arts, 20 March, 2015. https://www.royalacademy.org.uk/article/jenny-saville-tim-marlow-rubens.